I have started teaching in a PhD coursework subject here at the University of Melbourne; the first year that this type of subject have been offered in PhD research here. And as part of this, we have started teaching our very first Digital Humanities subject in the faculty; a lot of fun and somewhat experimental. There are 5 of us teaching it (and about 20 PhD students); and all the instructors have many years teaching, research, and computing experience (and ways of understanding and applying computing to teaching and research problems). The aims of the course is as follows (and we have put together our syllabus from a number of excellent sources and thanks to University of Victoria in Canada and especially Brett Hirsch of UWA for blazing a path for us). It is only a 5 week course of 2 house sessions, so barely getting our feet wet in such a large and vibrant field (and sorry some of the links may not work as you will need particular University log-in credentials to access them).
This subject alerts students to the range of electronic methods available to scholars for document and data capture, collaboration and communication, data analysis, publishing and dissemination, data structure and enhancement, practice-led research, and research strategy and project management. On completion, students will be equipped with a range of practical digital methods as they apply to their thesis (e.g. qualitative analysis of unstructured text using NVivo, use of digital archives and databases, semiotic analysis of text, metadata for describing research material), and also be able to critically assess the potential of digital methods and tools as they apply more broadly to their discipline
Session One: Introduction and Basic Tools
What is Humanities Computing?
What is Humanities Computing and What is Not?
NINES – an example of digital methods
The Sound of Many Hands Clapping: Teaching the Digital Humanities through Virtual Research Environment (VREs)
examine these examples…
Digital Humanities at Oxford (in particular, look at the ICT Methods)
Arts-Humanities.Net (have a look at methods, tools and projects)
An excellent overview of many aspects of DH is A Companion to Digital Humanities, ed. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, John Unsworth. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
Also very useful is …
- Referencing – Zotero, Endnote etc.
- Searching Catalogues
- Managing your literature
- Word Processing a thesis
- Mind Mapping
- Coding qualitative data – word processing, NVivo
- Express Scribe – a tool to assist with the transcription of digital audio
Session Two: Modelling and representing knowledge in the humanities: Why do we do it?
- Ramsay, Stephen. “Databases.” A Companion to Digital Humanities. Ed. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. 177-97.
- McCarty, Willard. “Modelling: A Study in Words and Meanings.” A Companion to Digital Humanities. Ed. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. 254-70
- Lavoie, Brian, and Lorcan Dempsey. “Thirteen Ways of Looking at Digital Preservation.” D-Lib Magazine 10.7-8 (2004)
Why digital methods?
Overview – why do we need to understand digital methods, aren’t we all digital natives?
- fragility of digital records
- potential of reusing research data
- potential of linking between existing and future data
- What databases are appropriate for PhD research and why would you need one?
- Why do we model knowledge in the humanities?
- What is an API and what are the debates around open data?
- (Practical exercise: make a database and enter some research ‘field work’ into it), Excel? or a free online service?
- Backing up your data for safekeeping
- Open Access databases as a means for disseminating research
- Repositories and persistent identification of research material
creating data so that it can be reused
- open source
- filenames have some system
- repositories understand discipline-specific issues
- PARADISEC as an example of a discipline-based digital repository
- OpenOffice or LibreOffice?
- General DBMS
- Open Office Base
Session Three: Text Encoding, mark-up and meta-data
- Renear, Allen H. “Text Encoding.” A Companion to Digital Humanities. Ed. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth. Malden: Blackwell, 2004. 218-39.
- Sperberg-McQueen, C. M. “ Text in the Electronic Age: Textual Study and Text Encoding with Examples from Medieval Texts.” Literary and Linguistic Computing 6 (1991): 34-46
- Tooling Up for Digital Humanities: http://toolingup.stanford.edu/
- Introduce XML editors (OxYGEN)
- TEI. Why do we use it in the humanities?
- Metadata: What is it and why is it important for the outputs of digital research?
- Tutorial on using regular expressions to search and change text (http://zvon.org/comp/r/tut-Regexp.html)
If you are into the whole XML and encoding enterprise, then you can try to mark-up a text in XML TEI using one of the web-based virtual environments.
Session Four: Scholarly Communication and collaborative and interdisciplinary research and crowd-sourcing
- Fitzpatrick, Kathleen.”Peer-to_Peer Review and the Future of Scholarly Authority’ Cinema Journal 48.2 (2009): 124-29 .fitzpatrick.pdf
- Krause, Steven D. “‘ Where Do I List This on My CV?’ Considering the Values of Self-Published Web Sites.” Kairos 12.1 (2007)
- Boyd, Danah. “A Blogger’s Blog: Exploring the Definition of a Medium.” Reconstruction 6.4 (2006):
Virtual environments, crowd-sourcing, managing interdisciplinary relationships
- Norcia, Megan A. “Out of the Ivory Tower Endlessly Rocking: Collaborating across Disciplines and Professions to Promote Student Learning in the Digital Archive.” Pedagogy 8.1 (2008): 91-114.
- Dan Cohen ‘Can History be OpenSource: Wikipedia and the future of the past http://chnm.gmu.edu/essays-on-history-new-media/essays/?essayid=42
- Rockwell, Geoffrey ‘Crowdsourcing the Humanities: Social Research and Collaboration’, in ‘Collaborative Research in the Digital Humanities (Marilyn Deegan and Willard McCarty eds.) (Craig will hand this last essay out in class)
- Why Blog? (WordPress and twitter and building your scholarly networks)
- What is the ‘blogosphere’?
- What is OpenPublishing
- Why is the ‘blogosphere’ important for my research? Will it get me a job!
- Write a blog post and optimise it using a set of online strategies
- Text VRE: http://textvre.cerch.kcl.ac.uk/?page_id=9 (good resources page)
- http://www.transcribe-bentham.da.ulcc.ac.uk/td/Transcribe_Bentham (Transcribe Bentham)
Session Five: Tools and critical methods for analysing source materials
- Burrows, John. “Textual Analysis.” A Companion to Digital Humanities. Ed. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004. 323-47 (John Burrows is one of the most influential Australian contributions to computing in the humanities)
- Rockwell, Geoffrey. “What is text analysis really” Literary and Linguistic Computing 18.2 (2003): 209-19
- Franco Moretti, Graphs, Maps Trees: Abstract Models for Literary History, 2005 (this book is an excellent reflective analysis of quantitative methods and visualisation in book and literary history)
Reading on CAQDAS (Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis)
- Marshall, H (2002) ’Horses For Courses’: Facilitating Postgraduate Research Students’ Choice of CAQDAS” Contemporary Nurse 13/1 pp29-37
- The CAQDAS networking project
- Richards L Handling Qualitative Data, (2nd Ed Sage, London, 2009) Lyn Richards’ website resources for her book
- Lewins, A. and Silver C. Using Software in Qualitative Research: A step-by-step guide (Sage London 2007)
Voyeur tools, Old Bailey Online, Founders and Survivors, (quantitative and qualitative approaches to using computing in humanities research).Tools:
- With Criminal Intent: Old Bailey Online http://criminalintent.org/category/old-bailey-online
- (NGrams: Google research) http://books.google.com/ngrams
- Using Zetoro and Voyeur tools Annotated Zotero Bibliography Assignment
- NVivo at Unimelb
- Getting Started with NVivo
- NVivo Resources from Dr. Helen Marshall – Helen.email@example.com
- Search for ‘teach yourself NVivo’
- Bazeley P Qualitative Data Analysis with NVIVO Sage London 2007 (Pat Bazeley’s site)
RMIT’e l s Qualitative Interest Group meets first Tuesday each month. Contactlyn.firstname.lastname@example.org for details
Association for Qualitative Research
Session Six: Wrap-up session: the ethical and legal implications of computing and technology in research
- (Reading) Lesk, Michael. “From Data to Wisdom: Humanities Research and Online Content” Academic Commons. 16 Dec. 2007 lesk-commons.pdf
- (Practical exercise) How to make your digital research available under a Creative commons License?http://creativecommons.org/choose/
- (Practical exercise) How to deposit data into a repository and set ethical access rights